What is full spectrum CBD? What are phytocannabinoids? What's does bioavailability really mean?
As CBD continues to go mainstream you've probably seen or heard a bunch of these long, extravagant terms used here or there. Have no fear! It's not rocket science. We've compiled a comprehensive list of every CBD term imaginable and defined them in PLAIN English. Think of us as your personal CBD concierge. Keep reading and you'll be an expert in no time.
CBD 101. The Terms You NEED To Know:
Cannabis - A family of plants with two main species. Hemp and Marijuana.
Hemp - A variety of cannabis that contains high levels of CBD and lower levels of THC.
Marijuana - A variety of cannabis that contains lower levels of CBD and higher levels of THC.
Cannabinoids - Naturally-occurring molecules found in cannabis plants. They're responsible for promoting homeostasis. CBD is just one of many types of cannabinoids (more on that later).
Phytocannabinoids - Naturally-occurring molecules found in various plants, not just cannabis. They're responsible for promoting homeostasis.
Homeostasis - Stability, balance, or equilibrium within the human body.
Endocannabinoids - Molecules that are produced naturally by cells in the human body.
Endocannabinoid System (ECS) - A biological network of cannabinoid receptors used to regulate the body and promote homeostasis.
Cannabinoid Receptors - Proteins found in the body's cells that receive a signal when we consume cannabinoids and initiate a positive response.
Entourage Effect - The beneficial effect of consuming a combination of cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant simultaneously. Using a full spectrum product would create this entourage effect and increase its effectiveness versus using a product solely containing isolated CBD.
Full Spectrum CBD - A product that contains CBD, other cannabinoids and less than 0.3% THC. Also contains terpenes, fatty acids and flavonoids.
Broad Spectrum CBD - A product that contains CBD and other cannabinoids but NO THC. May also contain terpenes, fatty acids and flavonoids.
CBD Isolate - A product that contains only CBD and NO THC.
Terpenes - Naturally-occurring, aromatic flavor molecules found in plants.
Flavonoids - Naturally-occurring nutrients found in plants.
Bioavailability - The degree and rate at which a substance (CBD) is absorbed and made available by the body.
Misc. CBD Terms You Should Also Know:
Carrier Oil - Also known as base oil. Regularly used in tinctures to dilute the CBD making the tinctures more palatable and aiding in the absorption of the CBD itself. MCT oil, olive oil, grapeseed oil and avocado oil are the most commonly used carrier oils.
COA / Certificate of Analysis / 3rd Party Lab Results - These terms are used interchangeably and represent a document that confirms that a product meets its product specification. They commonly contain the actual results obtained from testing performed as part of quality control of an individual batch of a product.
Co2 Extracted - CBD oil that has been extracted from the hemp plant using Co2 (carbon dioxide).
Ethanol Extracted - CBD oil that has been extracted from the hemp plant using Ethanol (ethyl alcohol).
Essential Oils - A natural oil typically obtained by distillation and having the characteristic fragrance of the plant or other source from which it is extracted.
Farm Bill - In the United States, the farm bill is the primary agricultural and food policy legislation of the federal government.
Micro Dosing - The action of taking or administering small amounts of a drug or a supplement.
Non-GMO - Non-genetically modified.
Organic - A product that is made without the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, or other artificial agents.
Potency - The strength of a given product measured in milligrams (mg).
Stevia - A sweetener naturally-derived from the leaves of the plant species stevia rebaudiana.
Strain - A term used in the cannabis community representing different types of marijuana or hemp flower. Each strain has its own unique botanical lineage, appearance, aroma, taste, chemical profile, and accompanying effects.
Sublingual - Something such as a CBD tincture that is applied under the tongue.
Vegan - Using or containing no animal products.
Cannabinoids And What They Do:
CBD (Cannabidiol) - Mood boosting. Good for pain & inflammation.
CBDa (Cannabidiolic Acid) - Converts to CBD when burned, vaporized or heated to a certain temperature.
CBG (Cannabigerol) - Good for pain, inflammation & increased blood flow.
CBN (Cannabinol) - Sedating. Good for sleep, pain & Inflammation. Anti-bacterial.
CBC (Cannabichromene) - Good for stress, anxiety, pain, inflammation & skin conditions. Anti-bacterial.
THC (a.k.a. Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol) - Uplifting & calming.
THCa (Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid) - Converts to THC when burned, vaporized or heated to a certain temperature.
THCv (Tetrahydrocannabivarin) - Relaxing, euphoric & energizing.
Types of CBD Products:
Edibles - Food products infused with CBD.
E-Liquid / E-Juice - CBD infusing vaping liquid.
Flower - CBD in it's most raw form. Meant for smoking, vaporizing or for cooking.
Gummies - Gummy candies infused with CBD.
Hemp Oil / Hempseed Oil - Hempseed oil is not CBD oil. It is made solely from hemp seeds which contain little to no CBD. CBD Oil is made from the leaves, flowers and stalks which are rich in CBD.
Oil Soluble - Capable of dissolving in fats, oils, or fatty tissues.
Pills / Capsules - Do we really need to explain this one? LOL.
Pre Roll - A pre-made joint meant to be smoked.
Tinctures / Oil / Drops - CBD in oil form. Meant to be taken sublingually.
Topicals - CBD infused lotion, balm, salve, cream, bath bomb, serum or soap. Meant to be applied to muscles & joints.
Water Soluble - Capable of dissolving in water.
And there you have it! The ultimate CBD glossary. Hopefully, we've cleared up all of your CBD related questions and explained what each of these words actually mean. If not, just drop us a comment with any other terms you'd like to see on the list and we'll make sure to get them added!